GEM OF THE MONTH
The Diamond: The Icy Gem with the Heart of Fire...Diamonds are the birthstone for the month of April, meaning that those born in April have an extra reason to buy diamond jewelry. The Diamond is also the anniversary gemstone for the 10th, 60th, and 75th years of marriage.
The ancient Romans and Greeks believed that diamonds were tears cried by the gods or splinters from falling stars, and Romans believed that they were crystallized lightening and that Cupid’s arrows were tipped with diamonds, leading to the earliest association between the “stone of romance” and romantic love.
The word diamond derives from the Greek word “adamas,” which means invincible or indestructible. And so they are! Diamonds are made of a single element -- carbon. Diamonds are the very hardest natural substance. Diamonds form under high temperature and pressure conditions that exist about 100 miles beneath the earth’s surface. Another mineral, graphite, also contains only carbon, but its structure is very different. Graphite is so soft that you can write with it, while diamond is so hard that you can only scratch it with another diamond.
Diamonds have been valued and coveted for thousands of years. There is evidence that diamonds were being collected and traded in India as early as the fourth century BC. The Roman naturalist Pliny is quoted as having said, “Diamond is the most valuable, not only of precious stones, but of all things in this world.”
The unusual crystal structure of the gem allows a high degree of refractability because the light they absorb is reflected directly back outward if the stone has been properly cut. Because of the reflected light, the icy diamond seems to have a heart of fire.
Ask one of our jewelers about diamonds and see these gems up close. Contact us or visit our showroom!